In general, electronic commerce (EC) or e-commerce is defined as commercial transactions that are processed electronically on the Internet, intranet, extranet, world wide web, by e-mail and by fax. These transactions do not have to have a price and include both sales and items such as free downloads. All transactions can be carried out on a global level.
Simply put, e-commerce means buying and selling goods online. It also includes other types of activities related to business transactions. The newest and closest branches of e-commerce include mobile commerce, when goods are sold through various mobile devices, and Facebook commerce, which provides an audience for closing deals.
E-commerce involves the creation of new value-added business structures and business relationships between companies, their customers and suppliers.
Examples of e-commerce stores
Best examples of e-commerce are: online shopping (e.g. Amazon.com), electronic payments (e.g. PayPal), online auctions (e.g. eBay), online ticketing (e.g. Ecolines) and internet banking (online bank accounts). It can be executed in two ways – business-to-business (B2B) transactions between distributors, retailers and manufacturers on both sides, business-to-consumer (B2C) between companies and consumers and between consumers (C2C) where both Parties involved in transactions create barter deals. The third type of e-commerce transactions can be clearly described as auctions.
There are various ways to make business deals: email exchanges, online catalogs and digital coupons, shopping carts powered by operating system software to allow consumers to purchase goods and services, as well as customers to be easily tracked by all Commercial aspects are combined into a coherent whole, file transfer, social media marketing, targeted advertising and other web services.
Brief overview of the e-commerce industry
E-commerce helps save time by speeding up the entire selling process, ensuring a wider range of goods in one place, staying available 24/7, finding a target audience, creating and accepting business offers, and also reducing transaction costs. This means that there are no time or space barriers when using the network. However, it is still not possible to do some important things with this way of doing business. This means that consumers, retailers and tradespeople cannot touch the goods immediately and experience the items they are interested in in a tangible way.
Businesses began using electronic data to exchange their business in the early 1690s. In 1979, the American National Standards Institute developed a universal standard for companies to exchange business data over electronic networks called ASC X12. The entire industry took off in the 1990s with the development of amazon.com and eBay. The past 5 years are said to be nurturing for Internet business transactions.
Web sales in 2015 were $341.7 billion, according to data from the US Department of Commerce. Ecommerce helps keep things simple while also having fewer restrictions. It helps boost business, build marketing automation systems, and remotely manage sales and communication with customers and business partners.
Top Jurisdictions for Starting an Ecommerce Business
Certain jurisdictions have some useful benefits for ecommerce businesspeople and international online retailers. For example, England has a mature investment and banking industry that enables online trading and ensures a bridge between the US market and companies looking forward to entering this market. France has a dedicated digital business minister (Axelle Lemaire) by launching a brand (La French Tech) designed to promote French startups internationally. Germany and Berlin in particular are attracting a lot of attention from famous tech multinationals such as Google Campus @ Factory. The top 10 e-commerce markets by country also include China (rated 1), the United States (rated 2), Japan (rated 4), and South Korea (rated 7). These ratings were created in 2014 and are based on statistical data reflecting the level of total online sales.